Was almost Like a Second Deportation website returns voices of the displaced A history professor is giving voice to the former residents of a tiny New Brunswick community whose expulsions changed forever the way Canada's national parks are created. Ronald Rudin, a professor at Montreal's Concordia University, is using a combination of traditional and new media to revisit the controversy over the creation of Kouchibouguac National Park in 1969, a story he says has been largely forgotten. About 250 families — around 1,200 people — were displaced for the park because of a belief at the time that visitors wouldn't be able to appreciate nature if there were humans living in the area. Acadians, who made up the bulk of the residents, called the explusions "a second deportation." Rudin says he didn't know much about the controversy until he was on a tour of Acadian historical sites in 2005 and some people raised it with him over lunch. "Kouchibouguac is the story of people being treated badly and if you're going to create a park to encourage tourism, that's not exactly the best way to market something that's supposed to be fun for a family," Rudin said. He dug into the subject for four years, talking to former residents of Kouchibouguac on New Brunswick's east coast. The result of his efforts is a recently launched website — returningthevoices.ca — which uses video, maps and illustrations to tell their story. A book that will complement it with a bigger-picture approach is also in the works. "The website is designed to, in a way, let the residents speak for themselves but there's a larger story about the thinking behind the park, the background for the resistance to the park and the way the story has been remembered," he explained. Rudin said in an interview that the resistance to the 238-square-kilometre park showed the government that the practice of moving communities to make way for such sites wasn't in anyone's interest. The park was shut down several times because of protests. "There are stories of people who are still angry, there are stories of people who don't think the process was fair but appreciate the fact that they got jobs," Rudin said, referring to some people who ended up working at the park. Others, like Norma Doucet, recalled in a video interview on the website how her father felt betrayed after having served in the Second World War. "He's gone to war to save his country," she said. "When he came back, he wanted to raise his family and he says he was pushed out to go and live somewhere else." Figures provided by Parks Canada say a large number of the people expropriated initially got between $5,000 and $7,000 for their properties. An additional grant program provided up to $2,300 and a subsequent relocation program offered resident owners the difference between the original compensation and $15,000 to $18,000, depending on family size. Rudin said the fairness of the compensation is a matter of perspective. "Many families ended up with newer homes but almost all were removed from the resources that have been at the centre of their lives and were separated from their neighbours," he said. "I didn't meet anyone who was happy how things turned out, even if some appreciated the fact that they received employment in the park." Rudin, who has written on Acadian history, was astonished to find that the episode had been largely undocumented. "I figured surely somebody had written something about the story and the fact is there's almost nothing," he said in a telephone interview. Works of fiction such as poetry, songs and novels do exist. There are also two documentaries and news accounts from the day but Rudin said that's about it. Unusual First Kick at the Can Even when he looked at files on the expropriation in the New Brunswick archives in Fredericton, he says he was told "nobody's ever looked at this stuff." "The funny thing about this project is although it seemed like the kind of project somebody should have done, I kept going to different archives and often would find that I was the first person that had ever looked at material that had been sitting there for 40 years, which isn't something that happens very often." While expropriations for parks in the past had seldom sparked opposition, that wasn't the case in Kouchibouguac. Acadian residents there were well aware of the searing chapter of their history when the British deported their ancestors in the 18th century. Rudin said opponents to the park's creation became symbols of a greater assertiveness that was growing among Acadians at the time. One resident in particular, Jackie Vautour, became a symbol of the resistance with his stubborn refusal to leave his property and court challenges which Rudin said got residents better compensation. Rudin said Vautour still squats in a cabin with no electricity or running water. The professor said that while Vautour's story is compelling, it's not the only one and Rudin wants to help some of those other voices be heard. "The media was all over the Jackie Vautour story but, most people, they left quietly," Rudin said. "They weren't happy but they left quietly and went on to build their lives again. Those who supported my project appreciated that other stories would get told as well." The professor said that at the time the prevailing view was the residents were so poor that moving them from their community and making them start over fresh somewhere else would improve their lives. "It was a whole kind of creepy social engineering project that they had in mind," Rudin said, although he acknowledged there were likely good intentions at the root. "The irony is that almost all of them moved as close to the border of the park as possible. They're kind of cuddled up next to each other so the communities were recreated, in a sense." Rudin said it's vital to document stories such as that of the Kouchibouguac residents because the original participants are getting older. "Once they're gone, the story is, at least in terms of oral testimony, kind of lost."
Nokia today announced the launch of Nokia Music in Canada, its highly-acclaimed free music streaming service. Nokia Music is exclusive to Nokia Lumia smartphones, providing consumers with a simple and delightful way to discover and enjoy music. There is no sign-up, no ads and no subscription, meaning users can dive right into Nokia Music's catalogue of 18 million songs. "Technology has shaped the listening behaviour of many Canadians and transformed the music industry by giving music lovers more listening choices. However, with so many options and so much music out there, it's easy to get overwhelmed (and even discouraged) when it comes to discovering new music," said Alan Cross, long time radio broadcaster and musicologist famous for The Ongoing History of New Music and The Secret History of Rock. "What Nokia Music offers is a seamless, easy-to-use way to listen to new and old music, all with a touch of a button." One of the main features of Nokia Music is Mix Radio. Consumers can stream free music from a suite of more than 150 exclusive playlists that are hand-crafted and kept up-to-date by a dedicated staff. The playlists span a wide spectrum of musical genres from franco pop to hockey songs for the rink. Nokia Music also offers playlists created by global artists. Beyond the curated playlists, music fans can create their own personal soundtrack by selecting up to three artists via the Nokia Music 'CREATE' function, which taps a library of millions of songs and generates a playlist based on, and inspired by, the artists they love. For maximum convenience, Nokia Music playlists can also be enjoyed offline so consumers can listen to their favourite playlists anytime, anywhere - perfect for a long flight, journey to work or train ride. To enhance their music experience further, Nokia Music's 'GIG FINDER' pinpoints live shows taking place nearby, even helping consumers buy tickets, find the venue with HERE Maps and get directions - all from within the Nokia Music app. For people that love the free service and want even more, there is also the Nokia Music+ service. For $3.99 per month, the service allows consumers unlimited songs skips on playlists and to take as many mixes offline as they want, access their music from web, mobile and laptop, and switch to high-quality audio on Wi-Fi. "We believe that Nokia Music offers great value and will revolutionize the way Canadian music lovers can explore, discover and enjoy music," said Jyrki Rosenberg, Vice President of Nokia Entertainment. "We are always striving to give Canadians the best service possible and we have worked extra hard to ensure Nokia Music meets the expectations of the demanding, active and inspired music fans in Canada." The Nokia Music app is available for download now to all Canadian Lumia owners from the Nokia Collection in the Windows Phone Store.
Do we expect the stats to pickup in the summer? OTTAWA - The splashy home pages for the Harper government's elaborate War of 1812 website were by far the most popular feature for visitors who crowded into the online museum last year, thanks to an ad blitz during the Olympics.
Springsteen discusses troubled relationship with dad, influence on music Irish
American singer Bruce Springsteen has opened up about his father’s mental illness and his own fight with depression and decision to take anti-depressants. Springsteen’s open discussion has been welcomed as a breakthrough by some in the fields of medicine and psychology. New Yorker magazine published an in depth interview with Springsteen last July in which he discusses his father’s mental illness and Springsteen’s own fear that he could not escape the mental illness in his family history. He told the magazine about his troubled relationship with his father, a guard worker/bus driver with manic-depression. At a concert in the 1980’s, Springsteen told the audience about his troubled relationship with his father, confusing some of his fans. His father would come home from work and force a young Springsteen to sit at the kitchen table with him while he had a six pack. A screaming match soon developed from his father’s question of what he was doing with himself. Springsteen would run out the back door and down the driveway. For years as an adult, he would later drive back to his parent’s house in Freehold, New Jersey at night and sit outside until his therapist explained to him that he couldn’t fix past mistakes there. Unable to talk to his father, Springsteen turned to music. The Irish Times quoted the magazine interview, “My dad was very non-verbal- you couldn’t really have a conversation with him. I had to make my peace with that, but I had to have a conversation with him. It ain’t the best way to go about it, but that was the only way I could, and eventually he did respond. He might not have liked the songs, but I think he liked that they existed. It meant that he mattered." He’d get asked, "What are your favorite songs?" And he’d say, "The ones that are about me.” Afraid that he had inherited his father’s mental illness and feelings of isolation, Springsteen avoided casual drug use, which has plagued other musicians. Frozen by depression, he been seeing a therapist since 1982. Springsteen started taking anti-depressants in 2003 and since then has had a surge of successful albums releases and tours. Springsteen spoke about his family’s mental illness during interviews with recent biographer Peter Ames Carlin. "A big part of how this book advances the story is [by] being very upfront about how his dad was manic-depressive. He had a serious untreated mental illness for his entire adult life.” Carlin’s biography is not officially authorized, but Springsteen gave countless interview hours, facilitated meetings with family and friends, and made his personal scrapbook available to Carlin. The book titled “Bruce” is published by Simon & Schuster. Through therapy and music, Springsteen has been healing the wounds. He said during the New Yorker interview, "I’m a repairman, a repairman with a toolbox. If I repair a little of myself, I repair a little of you. That’s the job.”
WHOEVER they think they are, they deserve the red carpet treatment for a new study. Estimates are believed to be worth £2.4 billion in tourism to Scotland over the next five years. Your first contact: the Carter Bar border crossing between Scotland and England near Jedburgh. The potential of so-called ancestral tourism has been outlined in a report by consultants TNS, which estimates a potential market of 50 million people of Scottish ancestry. But services need to be improved if Scotland is to cash in, including promoting existing research facilities, specialist tour operators and the creation of budget “genealogy packages”. VisitScotland asked TNS to assess the market and plan for an expected influx ahead of the 2014 Year of Homecoming, when Scotland will also host the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow and golf’s Ryder Cup at Gleneagles. Malcolm Roughead, VisitScotland’s chief executive, said: “We need to do all we can to make sure every visitor will have the experience of a lifetime. In our advertising campaigns we will be inviting people from all over the globe to come home and walk in the footsteps of their ancestors.” The study found ancestral tourism in Scotland is worth more than £400 million a year, but that the market still had untapped potential. The £2.4bn figure is based on VisitScotland converting 20 per cent of the 50 million people with Scots blood around the world into potential visitors. Of these, 4.3 million are said to be already interested in taking or planning a holiday in the next two years while more than five million are waiting to be attracted from key areas. Of the 50 million, the Scottish Government estimates 9.4 million are American, 4.7 million Canadian and 1.5 million Australian. One of those visitors is Bev Clarke, a librarian from Tasmania, who started researching her roots in 1989 when she traced her ancestors back to her great-grandfather Alexander Coutts, who emigrated to Australia from Scotland. It took another 20 years for Clarke to return to the research project online, which eventually led her back another three generations to the birth of Alexander Ross in Kincardine, Aberdeenshire. He became a schoolmaster and poet in Lochlee, Angus, and was credited with influencing Robert Burns. When she managed to make her first visit to Scotland last year, Clarke headed to the ScotlandsPeople Centre in Edinburgh, then to the Aberdeen City Library. She returned earlier this year to do more research. She said: “I was determined not to duplicate last year’s visits, but to visit places associated with my fairy-tale pedigree and take time to carry out more research both in Edinburgh and in Aberdeen.” VisitScotland’s next big campaign is to be rolled out within weeks to persuade Scots to discover their homeland in 2013 – the Scottish Government’s “Year of Natural Scotland”. The National Trust for Scotland is one of the leading beneficiaries of ancestral tourism with top sites such as Falkland Palace in Fife, Craigievar Castle, Aberdeenshire, and Culzean Castle, Ayrshire. A spokesman said: “Day in and day out we welcome people to our properties from near and far who want to make a personal connection with their Scottish heritage. “There are the obvious examples, such as the grand, aristocratic family seats at Castle Fraser and Haddo House that we care for on behalf of tens of thousands of visitors. But there are also the more sombre experiences of Glencoe and Culloden where the course of many clan and family histories, along with the nation’s destiny, were changed forever. “However, we cannot forget that even so-called modest properties, such as the Tenement House in Glasgow and David Livingstone’s birthplace in Blantyre, show us the now almost unimaginable conditions that the ancestors of the majority of Scots or people of Scots descent would have experienced not that long ago.” Dr Bruce Durie, chairman of the Ancestral Tourism Steering Group for Scotland, said: “Scotland is absolutely the best place to research family history – we have so many records, and so much online, that it’s a genealogist’s dream compared with other places. “However, while a lot of information is centrally-held – mainly in Edinburgh – there’s a great deal locally as well. The challenge is for all the components of ancestral tourism to get together and make a decent, joined-up destination package for ancestral visitors.”
West Indies were crowned the World Twenty under 20 champions after beating hosts Sri Lanka by 36 runs in a bowler-dominated final at the R Premadasa Stadium on Sunday. Sri Lanka restricted West Indies to 137 for six wickets to boost their chances of winning their maiden World Twenty20 title but the dream did not materialise as they were shot out for 101 runs in 18.4 overs.Chasing a seemingly modest victory target, Sri Lanka were going steadily at 48 for one before their batting order caved in, partially because of their anxiousness to stay ahead of the par score in case of a rain interruption which seemed so imminent. Skipper Mahela Jayawardene (33) and former captain Kumar Sangakkara (22) got the starts but could not carry on and only one more Sri Lankan - Nuwan Kulasekara (26) - managed double figure in an otherwise abject batting capitulation. Spinner Sunil Narine was the pick of the West Indies bowlers, claiming three for nine runs to cap his excellent run in the tournament. West Indies captain Darren Sammy won the toss but was left to rue his decision to bat first as the Sri Lankan bowlers stifled his batsmen, restricting a side teeming with big-hitters to 32 for two wickets in 10 overs. Spinner Ajantha Mendis (4-12) broke West Indies' back but Marlon Samuels hit a 56-ball 78 to prove that the hosts were not really unplayable as West Indies recovered somewhat to post 137 for six on the board. Down the order, Sammy chipped in with an unbeaten 26 off 15 balls to give some respectability to the team total. For Sri Lanka, Angelo Mathews (1-11) set the tone, starting with a maiden over in which he dismissed the scoreless Johnson Charles before Mendis wrecked the West Indies batting order. Click here for match highlights: Reuters Photos Slideshow Scorecard results widget
Maybe You Should Be Turning Airplane Around Mode Off
In many countries, you are required by law to turn off wireless devices while on board an aircraft.
A way to turn off wireless functions quickly is to switch HTC Desire C to Airplane mode.
When you enable Airplane mode, all wireless radios on HTC Desire C are turned off including the call function, data services, Bluetooth, and Wi-Fi.
Carlisle Indian School Descendants Fight to Preserve Part of Painful History The last building where Native American students lived and attended classes at the Carlisle Indian School (CIS) in Carlisle, Pennsylvania is slated for demolition in late August or September, but one Native activist is trying to save the building and its history from the wrecking ball.
Lynn Man Gets a 'Bienvenue' from Long-lost Canadian family
It took one year, hundreds of emails and a passion for genealogy to unite a Lynn resident with a Canadian family he never knew and connect him to his ancestor, one of the founders of Lynn.
Wayne Knight was actually born Wayne Deland 57 years ago. He was adopted into the Knight family at the age of 7.